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.Dd May 23, 2021
.Dt UFM 7D
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm ufm
.Nd Upgradeable Firmware Module driver
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Pa /dev/ufm
.Lp
.In sys/ddi_ufm.h
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
device is a character special file that provides access to
Upgradeable Firmware Image information, as described in
.Xr ddi_ufm 9E
via a private ioctl interface.
.Pp
The UFM interfaces described below are used in the implementation of the
system through tools such as
.Xr fwflash 1M
or as part of the fault management architecture.
.Sh FILES
.Bl -tag -width Pa
.It Pa /kernel/drv/amd64/ufm
64-bit AMD64 ELF kernel driver
.It Pa /kernel/drv/sparcv9/ufm
64-bit SPARC ELF kernel driver
.El
.Sh IOCTLS
The
.Nm
driver implements a versioned ioctl interface for accessing UFM facilities.
The ioctl interfaces are defined in sys/ddi_ufm.h.
The following ioctl cmds are supported by DDI_UFM_VERSION_ONE:
.Bl -tag -width Dv
.It Dv UFM_IOC_GETCAPS
The
.Dv UFM_IOC_GETCAPS
ioctl is used to retrieve the set of DDI UFM capabilities supported by this
device instance.
.Pp
The ddi_ufm_cap_t type defines a bitfield enumerating the full set of DDI UFM
capabilities.
.Bd -literal
typedef enum {
DDI_UFM_CAP_REPORT = 1 << 0,
DDI_UFM_CAP_READIMG = 1 << 1
} ddi_ufm_cap_t;
.Ed
.Pp
The capabilities mean:
.Bl -tag -width Dv
.It Dv DDI_UFM_CAP_REPORT
Indicates that the device is capable of reporting UFM information and
supports the
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORT
and
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORTSZ
ioctls.
.It Dv DDI_UFM_CAP_READIMG
Indicates that the device is capable of retrieving a firmware image from
a slot and transferring it back to the caller.
The
.Dv UFM_IOC_READIMG
ioctl is supported.
.El
.Pp
The
.Vt ufm_ioc_getcaps_t
structure defines the input/output data for the
.Dv UFM_IOC_GETCAPS
ioctl.
Callers should specify the
.Fa ufmg_version
and
.Fa ufmg_devpath
fields.
On success the
.Fa ufmg_caps
field will be filled in with a value indicating the
supported UFM capabilities of the device specified in
.Fa ufmg_devpath .
.Bd -literal
typedef struct ufm_ioc_getcaps {
uint_t ufmg_version; /* DDI_UFM_VERSION_ONE */
uint_t ufmg_caps; /* UFM Caps */
char ufmg_devpath[MAXPATHLEN];
} ufm_ioc_getcaps_t;
.Ed
.It Dv UFM_IOC_REPORTSZ
The
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORTSZ
ioctl is used to retrieve the amount of space
(in bytes) required to hold the UFM data for this device instance.
This should be used to allocate a sufficiently sized buffer for the
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORT
ioctl.
.Pp
The
.Vt ufm_ioc_bufsz_t
structure defines the input/output data for the
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORTSZ
ioctl.
Callers should specify the
.Fa ufbz_version
and
.Fa ufbz_devpath
fields.
On success the
.Fa ufbz_size
field will be filled in with the required buffer size.
.Bd -literal
typedef struct ufm_ioc_bufsz {
uint_t ufbz_version; /* DDI_UFM_VERSION_ONE */
size_t ufbz_size; /* sz of buf to be returned by ioctl */
char ufbz_devpath[MAXPATHLEN];
} ufm_ioc_bufsz_t;
.Ed
.It Dv UFM_IOC_REPORT
The
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORT
ioctl returns UFM image and slot data in the form of a packed nvlist.
The
.Vt ufm_ioc_report_t
structure defines the input/output data for the
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORT
ioctl.
Callers should specify the ufmr_version, ufmr_bufsz and ufmr_devpath fields.
On success, the ufmr_buf field will point to a packed nvlist containing the UFM
data for the specified device instance.
This data can be unpacked and decoded into an nvlist using
.Xr nvlist_unpack 3NVPAIR .
.Bd -literal
typedef struct ufm_ioc_report {
uint_t ufmr_version; /* DDI_UFM_VERSIONONE */
size_t ufmr_bufsz; /* size of caller-supplied buffer */
caddr_t ufmr_buf; /* buf to hold packed output nvl */
char ufmr_devpath[MAXPATHLEN];
} ufm_ioc_report_t;
.Ed
.Pp
Due to the asynchronous nature of the system, it's possible for a device to
undergo a configuration change in between a
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORTSZ
ioctl and a subsequent
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORT
ioctl that would alter the size of the buffer
required to hold the UFM data.
.Pp
If the size of buffer supplied in the
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORT
ioctl is greater than is required to hold the UFM data, then
the ioctl will succeed and the ufmr_bufsz field will be updated to reflect the
actual size of the returned UFM data.
If the size of buffer supplied in the
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORT
ioctl is less than what is required to hold the UFM data,
the ioctl will fail with errno set to
.Er EOVERFLOW .
.It Dv UFM_IOC_READIMG
The
.Dv UFM_IOC_READIMG
ioctl retrieves a firmware image and slot from a device.
The
.Vt ufm_ioc_readimg_t
structure defines the input and output data for the ioctl.
Devices may have their own alignment and size constraints which may be
enforced upon issuing this ioctl.
The structure has the following form:
.Bd -literal
typedef struct ufm_ioc_readimg {
uint_t ufri_version;
uint_t ufri_imageno;
uint_t ufri_slotno;
uint64_t ufri_offset;
uint64_t ufri_len;
uint64_t ufri_nread;
void *ufri_buf;
char ufri_devpath[MAXPATHLEN];
} ufm_ioc_readimg_t;
.Ed
.Pp
The
.Ft ufri_imageno
and
.Ft ufri_slotno
values are used to indicate the image and slot to read.
These indexes correspond to the same indices that are returned in the
nvlist from the
.Dv UFM_IOC_REPORT
ioctl.
The
.Ft ufri_offset
and
.Ft ufri_len
members are used to indicate how many bytes to read from the image and
where in the image to begin.
The
.Fa ufri_buf
member must be set to a valid pointer.
Data read from the device will be placed in that pointer.
The pointer must be at least
.Fa ufri_len
bytes long.
Upon successful completion, the
.Fa ufri_nread
member will be filled in with the number of bytes that have been placed
in
.Fa ufri_buf .
Finally, the
.Fa ufri_version
and
.Fa ufri_devpath
fields must be filled in with the version number,
.Dv DDI_UFM_VERSION_ONE ,
and the corresponding /devices path.
.El
.Sh EXAMPLES
This example demonstrates how to use the
.Dv UFM_IOC_GETCAPS
ioctl to determine the UFM capabilities of a given device instance.
.Bd -literal
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/ddi_ufm.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
static const char devname[] = "/pci@ce,0/pci8086,2030@0/pci15d9,808@0";
int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int fd;
ufm_ioc_getcaps_t ioc = { 0 };
if ((fd = open(DDI_UFM_DEV, O_RDWR)) < 0) {
(void) fprintf(stderr, "failed to open %s (%s)\n", DDI_UFM_DEV,
strerror(errno));
return (1);
}
ioc.ufmg_version = DDI_UFM_CURRENT_VERSION;
(void) strcpy(ioc.ufmg_devpath, devname);
if (ioctl(fd, UFM_IOC_GETCAPS, &ioc) < 0) {
(void) fprintf(stderr, "getcaps ioctl failed (%s)\n",
strerror(errno));
(void) close(fd);
return (1);
}
if ((ioc.ufmg_caps & DDI_UFM_CAP_REPORT) == 0) {
(void) printf("Driver does not support DDI_UFM_CAP_REPORT\n");
} else {
(void) printf("Driver supports DDI_UFM_CAP_REPORT\n");
}
(void) close(fd);
return (0);
}
.Ed
.Sh ERRORS
On failure to open or perform ioctls to the
.Nm
driver,
.Va errno
will be set to indicate the type of error.
A subset of the more common errors are detailed below.
For a full list of error numbers, see
.Xr Intro 2
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Er EAGAIN
The device driver is not currently ready to accept calls to it's DDI UFM entry
points.
This may be because the driver is not fully initialized or because the driver
is in the process of detaching.
.It Er EFAULT
The ufm driver encountered a failure while copying data either from or to the
address space of the calling process.
.It Er EINVAL
The offset or length of an image would have resulted in a read outside
of the image's valid range or with improper alignment.
.It Er EIO
A failure occurred while executing a DDI UFM entry point.
.It Er ENOTSUP
Either the requested ioctl is not supported by the target device, the device
does not exist or the device does not support the UFM interfaces.
.El
.Sh INTERFACE STABILITY
.Sy Evolving
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr ddi_ufm 9E ,
.Xr ddi_ufm 9F ,
.Xr ddi_ufm_image 9F ,
.Xr ddi_ufm_slot 9F